The principle of management, is the means by which you actually manage, that is, get things done through others—individually, in groups, or in organizations. Formally defined, the principles of management are the activities that “plan, organize, and control the operations of the basic elements of people, materials, machines, methods, money and markets, providing direction and coordination, and giving leadership to human efforts, so as to achieve the sought objectives of the enterprise.” For this reason, principles of management are often discussed or learned using a framework called P-O-L-C, which stands for planning, organizing, leading, and controlling.
A manager’s primary challenge is to solve problems creatively, and you should view management as “the art of getting things done through the efforts of other people. Managers are required in all the activities of organizations: budgeting, designing, selling, creating, financing, accounting, and artistic presentation; the larger the organization, the more managers are needed. Everyone employed in an organization is affected by management principles, processes, policies, and practices as they are either a manager or a subordinate to a manager, and usually they are both. Information on Planning which is also a principle of management is available here.
Organizing in the principle of management is the function of management that involves developing an organizational structure and allocating human resources to ensure the accomplishment of objectives. The structure of the organization is the framework within which effort is coordinated. The structure is usually represented by an organization chart, which provides a graphic representation of the chain of command within an organization. Decisions made about the structure of an organization are generally referred to as organizational design decisions.
Organizing at the level of the organization involves deciding how best to departmentalize, or cluster, jobs into departments to coordinate effort effectively. There are many different ways to departmentalize, including organizing by function, product, geography, or customer. Many larger organizations use multiple methods of departmentalization.
Organizing at the level of a particular job involves how best to design individual jobs to most effectively use human resources. Traditionally, job design was based on principles of division of labor and specialization, which assumed that the more narrow the job content, the more proficient the individual performing the job could become. The importance of organizing in principle of management cannot be overemphasized.
IMPORTANCE OF ORGANIZING:
- Being Organized Enhances Creativity: When you declutter, get organized, and simplify your surroundings, something brilliant happens. You gain clarity and experience a surge of physical and mental energy that opens up opportunities for your creative spark to ignite. This can happen in a craft room, the kitchen, your studio, or even while working on the computer.
- Being Organized Boosts Your Self-Confidence: When you get organized, you can easily find the thing you’re looking for. You’re better able to meet deadlines, accomplish tasks on your To-Do list, and show up to places ON TIME.
- Being Organized Makes You More Productive: Putting some simple organizing systems and routines in place enables you to get more done in less time. For example, creating a bill paying kit prevents wasting time hunting for the calculator, the stamps, and the checkbook when you finally carve out some time to pay the bills.
CONCLUSION: Every organization strives to achieve its targets and its structure only facilitates this. The main purpose of such a structure is to help the organization work towards its goals. It brings members of the organization together and demarcates functions between them. Organization is about creating the conditions for creativity to flourish.
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